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Who is a computer programmer?

Programmer is a specialist who develops program algorithms.

Programmers can be conditionally divided into three categories depending on the specialization.

Applied programmers are mainly engaged in the development of software applications – games, accounting software, editors, messengers, etc. The area of their work can also include the creation of software for video and audio surveillance systems, SKD, fire extinguishing systems or fire alarms, etc. Also, their responsibilities include adapting existing programs to the needs of a particular organization or user.

System programmers develop operating systems, work with networks, write interfaces to various distributed databases. Experts of this category are among the most rare and highly paid. Their task is to develop software systems (services), which, in turn, control the computer system (which includes the processor, communication and peripheral devices). Also in the list of tasks is to ensure the functioning and operation of the created systems (device drivers, loaders, etc.).

Web programmers also work with networks, but, in most cases, with the global – the Internet. They write software component sites, create dynamic web pages, web-interfaces for working with databases.

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The important qualities to succeed in this career

Programming is a rapidly developing area, so the programmer must be able to quickly adapt to the current state of technology and constantly learn new technologies. Therefore, the ability to self-study is one of the main skills that a programmer must possess. Otherwise, after several years, its value as a specialist will be significantly lower. In programming, not only practical skills, but also specialist ideas are brought to the forefront. Knowledge of English at the level of reading technical documentation is another mandatory requirement for representatives of this profession. It is very important for such specialists to work in a team, over large projects, with means of collective development, with large financial systems (budgetary, banking, management accounting). For applicants for the position of a leading programmer, the skills of project management and teamwork, independence, initiative, as well as the ability to bear personal responsibility for the task, are desirable.

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Pros and cons of the profession


  • High profit;
  • Relatively high demand for specialists;
  • Sometimes you can get a job without having a higher education;
  • Basically this is a creative profession.


  • Often have to explain the same thing. After all, what is clear and obvious to the programmer is not always clear and obvious to the user.
  • You have to work (sometimes) in a stressful situation;
  • The profession imposes a certain imprint on a character that is not always liked by everyone.

What about a career?

A programmer can make a career up to the head of a group of programmers (team-leader), IT-director of an enterprise, manager of an IT project, etc. In the course of the work, the programmer can move within his specialty, improving professionally. Many programmers open their own business in the field of software development. For career growth it is important to constantly get new knowledge, to keep up with the development of technology. Preference is given to those who understand the most advanced software currents.

A programmer is a profession of the future!